Eczema is a chronic inflammatory disease which is characterised by red itchy skin. The exact cause of eczema is unknown but has been linked to hereditary and environmental factors such as allergens.
Many people are affected by eczema which can be classified as excessively dry, itchy skin. If the skin is not adequately moisturised, it can lead to inflamed skin and the development of dry, red and itchy patches. Eczema can also be your body’s response to stress or the use of chemicals which cause the skin to be dry and irritated. It can be associated with other allergy-related conditions like asthma, allergic rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis.
What does it look like?
Itching is the most distressing symptom in all patients with eczema and can affect the quality of life. It presents as a red scaly rash and can occur on any area of the body but the face and the creases of the elbows and knees are the most common areas. When scratched, the lesions may begin to ooze and get crusty, weepy or punched out, indicating a superimposed infection. Over time, the skin can become leathery and thick.
The key to treating eczema is moisture. We recommend a combination of things to consider such as using fragrant free soap and moisturiser that will strengthen the protective barrier of your skin. In severe cases, Dr Cebi will formulate a treatment plan which combines the use of steroid, steroid-sparing agents and immunotherapy, where necessary.